Oldest ever stone tool found

Scientists discover oldest stone tool ever found in Turkey

Dec 23, 2014

Scientists discover oldest stone tool ever found in Turkey

“This discovery is critical for establishing the timing and route of early human dispersal into Europe. Our research suggests that the flake is the earliest securely-dated artefact from Turkey ever recorded and was dropped on the floodplain by an early hominin well over a million years ago.”

link to article

Advertisements

“first Minoan CD-ROM,” Code finally Cracked for the Ancient Phaistos Disk!

PHAISTOS-DISC-570PHAISTOS-DISC-570 backThe Phaistos Disk front & back views.

Parts of the article in Huffington Post reads as follows:

Some of the code deciphered:

The disk can be read in a spiral direction from the outside rim to the inside. Using what previous studies have shown about Cretan hieroglyphics, and the scripts Minoan Linear A and Mycenaean Linear B from ancient Greece, the researcher was able to identify three key words:

  • IQEKURJA, which may mean “pregnant mother” and/or “goddess.”
  • IQE, which may mean “mother” and/or “goddess” and which appears repeatedly on the disk.
  • IQEPAJE or IQE-PHAE, which may mean “shining mother” or “goddess.”

Owens concluded that the disk may contain a prayer to a Minoan goddess

 

Scientists have been trying to decipher the mysterious “Phaistos Disk” ever since the 4,000-year-old clay disk was discovered in 1908 on the Greek island of Crete.

But no one seems to have been able to translate the mysterious language inscribed on the disk, which dates back to 1700 B.C. and the h

 

eight of the Minoan civilization — until now.

Dr. Gareth Owens, who has been studying what he cheekily refers to as the “first Minoan CD-ROM,” has figured out not only what the language sounded like but also some of the meaning it conveys, Discovery News reported.

“In collaboration with John Coleman, professor of phonetics at Oxford, we spent six years producing the best possible reading,” Owens, a linguist researcher with the Technological Educational Institute of Crete, told The Huffington Post in an email….

Full story at Huffingtone Post Article in Huffinton Post

Largest Megalithic Structure EVER discovered? And its Russian!

Warning: this blog wanders off into a discussion on ancient astranaut theory…. aploligies. But I was just having one of my rants. You can just read the first section and article linked to this post about the largest megalithic struction ever if you so desire.

giant megalith in Russia

Just one of the Giant granite cut-stones from the SUPER-MEGALITHIC structure in Siberia at Gornaya Shoria from an article entitled:

Super-megalithic Site Found in Russia: Natural or Man-made?  Mysterious Universe article

“An ancient “super-megalithic” site has been found in the Siberian Mountains.  Found recently in Gornaya Shoria (Mount Shoria) in southern Siberia, this site consists of huge blocks of stone, which appear to be granite, with flat surfaces, right angles, and sharp corners.  The blocks appear to be stacked, almost in the manner of cyclopean masonry, and well…they’re enormous!

Russia is no stranger to mysterious ancient sites, like Arkaim or Russia’s Stonehenge, and the Manpupuner formation, just to name two, but the site at Shoria is unique in that, if it’s man-made, the blocks used are undoubtedly the largest ever worked by human hands…”

 

Fascinating or what? Yet another archaeological conundrum pointing to a mysterious technology that we still cannot achieve even today! Personally, I’m not entirely convinced of the ancient  astronauts explanation as it is presented these day on mainstream media. Especially, when it is implied that space aliens were the astronauts. For example, why would space aliens come all the way across the galaxies – millions of light-years in a physical craft and then crash at the last-minute? If they are so advanced, you would think that they would have the sense not to crash. You would think if they are so clever: they wouldn’t need a physical space-craft in the first place. My resistance to the ancient alien scenario is not because I refuse to do space aliens – just that other explanations of such phenomenon may be applicable.  It seems to me that all of the ‘high strangeness’ is in of itself -very real to the experiencer and requires explanation.

 

For instance, the  Jodi Foster movie (CONTACT) type scenario springs to mind, where from the perspective of the onlookers – she went nowhere, but from her perspective she travelled to an alien planet and met her dad. And as wonderful as all this CONTACT was, she soon figured, he was a piece of consciousness posing as her Dad. Very profound. But that is more how I see all this ‘spokey-action-at-a-distance‘ type stuff (as Einstein once called the crazy world of quantum physics) as yet unexplained universal phenomena and, perhaps, in time, we may begin to get some answers and we’ll probably realise, eventually, that all this strange phenomenon is  consciousness generated and then the joke will be on us? There I am again – wandering off the subject. Yes, anyway, about this ancient technology.

 

Indeed, we certainly have a lot more to learn about our past. There is no doubt about it. This ancient high technology does require better explanations than the conventional academic wisdom on this topic.  It seems that the more I learn and the deeper I dig: the less I know, or at least, the more I’m willing to accept my own ignorance.  I do not have the  answers, no more than anyone else. Although, I love attempting to get to at least some truths and the fact that there are still so many mysteries remaining to be solved, I believe that the more interesting question is: WHY WERE THEY BUILT?

Any thoughts?

 

CHEERS for now

…Yet more food for thought

 

Maria Brigit – please share if you like

Archaeology meets Cosmology

Nebra sky disk large

Image of the Nebra Sky Disc of the European Bronze Age period

Archaeo-astronomy steps out from shadows of the past

 

June 23, 2014 in science daily. Below is a summary of article
“From the ‘Crystal Pathway’ that links stone circles on Cornwall’s Bodmin Moor to star-aligned megaliths in central Portugal, archaeo-astronomers are finding evidence that Neolithic and Bronze Age people were acute observers of the
Sun, as well as the Moon and stars, and that they embedded astronomical references within their local landscapes”. Here is a link to full article

 

Here is a link to full article on astro archaeology

Astronomy website post full article

Shorter article is outlined below

The 3,600 year old Sky Disk of Nebra is the world’s oldest image of the cosmos.

It caused a world-wide sensation when it was brought to the attention of the German public in 2002, having been discovered at Mittelberg in the state of Saxony-Anhalt two years earlier.

A group of German scientists has deciphered the meaning of one of the most spectacular archaeological discoveries in recent years: The mystery-shrouded sky disc of Nebra was used as an advanced astronomical clock.
The purpose of the sky disc of Nebra dating from 1600 BC is no longer a matter of speculation.
A group of German scholars who studied this archaeological gem has discovered evidence, which suggests that the disc was used as a complex astronomical clock for the harmonization of solar and lunar calendars.
The disc maps 32 stars, including the Pleiades, as they appear in reference to a local mountain on the horizon, the Brocken. The Mittelberg (‘Central Hill‘) enclosure is oriented in such a way that the sun seems to set every equinox behind the Brocken, the highest peak of the Harz mountains. The nearby Ziegelroda forest is said to contain around 1,000 barrows.
The 252 metre high Mittelberg hill in the Forest is 180km southwest of Berlin.
Since the Mittelberg is near the German town of Nebra, the star map has been dubbed the “Nebra Disc.”

This is a clear expansion of what we knew about the meaning and function of the sky disc” – archaeologist Harald Meller.

Unlike the solar calendar, which indicates the position of the earth as it revolves around the sun, the lunar calendar is based on the phases of the moon. A lunar year is eleven days shorter than the solar year because 12 synodic months, or 12 returns of the moon to the new phase, take only 354 days.
The sky disc of Nebra was used to determine if and when a thirteenth month — the so-called intercalary month — should be added to a lunar year to keep the lunar calendar in sync with the seasons.

The functioning of this clock was probably known to a very small group of people” – Harald Meller.

The 32-centimeter-wide (12-inch) bronze disc that weighs about 2 kilograms, with gold-leaf appliqués representing the sun, the moon, and the stars is the oldest visual representation of the cosmos known to date. A cluster of seven dots has previously been interpreted as the Pleiades constellation as it appeared 3,600 years ago.
The explanation of the disc’s purpose sheds new light on the astronomical knowledge and abilities of the Bronze Age people, who used a combination of solar and lunar calendars as important indicators for agricultural seasons and passage of time.

The sensation lies in the fact that the Bronze Age people managed to harmonize the solar and lunar years. We never thought they would have managed that” – Harald Meller.

According to astronomer Wolfhard Schlosser of the Rurh University at Bochum, the Bronze Age sky gazers already knew what the Babylonians would describe only a thousand years later.

Whether this was a local discovery, or whether the knowledge came from afar, is still not clear” – Wolfhard Schlosser .

Ever since the disc was discovered within a pit inside a Bronze Age ringwall, archaeologists and astronomers have been puzzled by the shape of the moon as it appears on the disc.


It may have been used to time plantings and harvests.

On the left and right sides are two long arcs. These span about 80 degrees each. The difference between sunrise on the summer solstice and on the winter solstice is 82.7 degrees at this latitude, as is the difference between the sunsets on the two solstices. The two arcs are said to represent the portions of the horizon where the sun rises during the year. (The gold coating on the left arc, representing sunset, has fallen off and is lost).
Between the two arcs are a full circle and a crescent. The crescent obviously represents a crescent moon, while the large circle may be the sun or a full moon. (The gold on the sun/full moon circle is damaged). In the background are 23 stars dotted in an apparently random pattern, and one group of seven stars which is said to represent the Pleiades star cluster (the Seven Sisters or M45). X-Rays indicate that under the gold of the right arc are two more stars, so it is likely that the two arcs were added some time after the other features.

I wanted to explain the thickness of the crescent on the sky disc of Nebra because it is not a new moon phase” – Ralph Hansen, Hamburg astronomer .

In his quest to explain why the Nebra astronomers created a sky map with a four or five days old moon on it, Hansen consulted the “Mul-Apin” collection of Babylonian documents from the 7th and 6th centuries B.C.
These cuneiform writings represent, according to Hansen, a compendium of “astronomic knowledge from the earliest times.” They also contain a calculation rule for the crescent that looks strikingly similar to the one from Nebra.
According to the ancient Babylonian rule, a thirteenth month should only be added to the lunar calendar only when one sees the constellation of the moon and the Pleiades exactly as they appear on the Nebra sky disc.

The disc was originally smeared with rotten eggs. These would have caused a chemical reaction on its bronze surface, which would have turned the disc’s background a deep violet colour simulating a night sky out of which the gold-embossed stars would have shone.
The third arc on the disk is also highly interesting. The ancients did not understand how the sun could set in the west and end up in the cast the next morning. Representations of a disk in a ship, from Bronze Age Egypt and Scandinavia, reveal an age-old belief that a ship carried the sun across the night sky. The Nebra disk is the first evidence of such a faith in central Europe.


The sky disc of Nebra was found near Europe’s oldest observatory in Goseck.
It is a solar observatory built ca 4900 BCE.
Nearby excavations of wood-and-clay houses have turned up a variety of grains and evidence of domesticated goats, sheep, pigs and cows. Farmers reached this part of the world some 500 years before they built the solar observatory. Although these earliest Neolithic agriculturists most likely measured only the sun’s movements, over millennia they came to quantify the lunar cycle and the positions of constellations.

The Bronze Age astronomers would hold the Nebra clock against the sky and observe the position of the celestial objects. The intercalary month was inserted when what they saw in the sky corresponded to the map on the disc they were holding in their hands. This happened every two to three years.
But the German researchers also discovered that in the 400 years that the disc was in use, its status had evolved. The perforations on the edge of the object as well as a ship that was later added to the map suggest that the knowledge about the lunar calendar’s shortage of days was lost along the way.

That means, that in the end the disk became a cult object” – Harald Meller.

The disc was found on July 4, 1999 from two convicted grave robbers. In February, 2002 it was bought along with two swords, two axes, chisels and armlets, from art fencers in a police operation in Switzerland.

Egyptian Treasure in the Grand Canyon

Great original articles from the press talking about the oriental finds in the cave

CNY Artifact Recovery

On April 5, 1909, a front page story in the Arizona Gazette reported on an archaeological expedition in the heart of the Grand Canyon funded by the Smithsonian Institute, which had resulted in the discovery of Egyptian artefacts. April 5 is close to April 1 – but then not quite… so perhaps the story could be true?
Nothing since has been heard of this discovery. Today, over five million tourists visit the Grand Canyon each year. You would thus expect that if anything was hidden in the canyons, it would thus since long have been uncovered. However, most tourists only spend around 3 hours of time at the canyon, usually visiting the legendary South Rim view around mile 89, where most of the best and oldest tourist facilities are located. Furthermore, some have said that the entire discovery has since become the centre of a major cover-up, apparently in an…

View original post 15,738 more words

Mars mystery resolved? Ancient Pyramids or geometric (permafrost) formations?

Spot the difference between these two images below. Please leave comments and tell me what you think. The first picture is the zoomed  image of the postulated ‘artificial’ structures (face and pyramids) found on the Cydonia region on Mars. The next image is ice crystallization (permafrost conditions) created as a result of simulated Martian atmosphere etc in a chamber designed from the most up-to-date scientific findings known about the conditions on Mars):

 

ImageImage

In other words, the simulated atmosphere could create naturally geometric crystallized structures that ‘appear’ artificial (intelligently constructed). The video in the next blog will explain the type of evidence they have employed to clearly show geometry patterns within the Cydonian structures, which would hold if one assumes that there are no straight lines or right angles in nature. However, there is one thing in nature that is highly structured and geometric – Yes, you guessed it – ICE (snowflakes and ice crystals). I hope you see where I’m going with this. Just  some food for thought to point out the possibility of how seemingly geometric patterns could arise naturally – comment below.